In an interview with Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) India, Sabina Dewan talks about ways out of the employment crisis in India. She assesses the impact of COVID-19 and the role of governmental schemes to boost rural employment.
In her latest blog post, JustJobs Network’s Tanja Verena Matheis draws attention to the vulnerability of workers in global value chains as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. Drawing a parallel to the climate crisis, she explains how ‘forces majeures’ have become more frequent, impacting livelihoods in South and Southeast Asia.
Across the world, the nature of urban planning and city governance depends a lot on how power is distributed among tiers of government. India and Indonesia have both pursued strategies to “decentralize” their governments and invest local authorities with more power. Those policies and their effects, however, look different across the two countries.
In recent decades, megacities in India and Indonesia—the world’s largest developing country democracies—have grown increasingly inaccessible to rural-urban migrants. For anyone who hasn’t obtained higher levels of education, the potential wage boost in moving from a rural area to a big city has been eroded by increasing skill demands in the labor market and higher costs of living. Small cities, meanwhile, pose fewer barriers for rural-urban migrants.